White sugar is pure sucrose, a crystalline sweetener. It also has uses in food for retaining moisture and improving colour, shelf-life, and palatability.

Health considerations

Excessive sugar intake is associated with metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance, adverse health effects such as type II diabetes and colorectal cancer, and overall deficiencies of particular essential nutrients.  For those with insulin resistance, sugar intake may also increase risk of pancreatic cancer.

Keep in mind

The American Health Association and Health Canada have both issued statements advising that added sugars be kept to a minimum in the diet. Suggestions include no more than 100 to 150 calories, or 25 to 38 grams, per day from added sugar.

May be found in

Breads, pasta sauces, cereals, processed meats, sauces, dips, soups, etc.


American Heart Association
Health Canada
International Journal of Cancer
Journal of the National Cancer Institute

Alternative spellings and names

Sucrose, Refined sugar, Table sugar

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