Nutmeg is the seed of Myristica trees, dried and used as a spice. It may be sold whole or ground.
Nutmeg is a source of antioxidants and a variety of phenolic compounds. One such compound has anti-bacterial activity against oral bacteria. Nutmeg poisoning can occur with over-consumption, with reports of severe health effects following 18.3 grams in one sitting and death from consumption of three nutmeg seeds.
As the nutmeg ages its content of volatile compounds such as antioxidants and those that impart flavor decreases. Ground nutmeg loses these much more quickly.
Whole, ground, rice pudding, custards, garam masala, Indian dishes, curry powders, haggis, jams, eggnog, pumpkin pie, mulled cider, mulled wine, cookies, cakes, gingerbread, carrot cake, spice cakes
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture