Folic acid is a vitamin essential to many functions in the body, including supporting cell division, DNA synthesis and repair, and production of red blood cells. See: Vitamin B9

Health considerations

Folic acid is essential to healthy pregnancy and fetal development. It may reduce risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke; macular degeneration; provide a synergistic effect on treatment of depression by SSRIs; as well as reduction of colorectal and prostate cancer risks. Folate deficiency causes anemia. Excessive intake however, achieved through supplementation on top of high dietary intake, has been suggested as a risk factor for cognitive impairment in individuals with low levels of B12. See: Vitamin B9

Keep in mind

A common source of folate in the diet is fortified cereals and grains; individuals who avoid these should be conscientious of alternate sources. See: Vitamin B9

May be found in

Leafy vegetables, sunflower seeds, avocado, egg yolk, legumes, liver, fortified flours, fortified cereals See: Vitamin B9


Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
The Lancet
International Journal of Cancer
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 2
Advences in Nutrition

Alternative Spellings and Names

Vitamin B9, Folate

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